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Extracting forceps or Extraction forceps are used along with elevators to extract teeth. Each Extracting forceps is designed for a particular area of the mouth. The beaks are designed to fit around the cervical portion of the tooth. Pointed beaks are designed to grip the fur cation area.

Dental professionals have a lot on their plates these days. There is a tremendous amount to think about, such as practice profitability, technology investments, team efficiency, new patient acquisition and continuing education — just to name a few. With all of this to balance, it can be difficult to take a step back and look at specific processes that happen every day to determine if there are better, faster and safer ways to do things. Instrument reprocessing and sterilization is one of those areas and is a critical component to developing a best practice approach to dental infection control

Receiving area

Extracting forceps and dental Instruments are transported into the receiving area within the cassette, which can then be placed directly into the ultrasonic cleaner or dental instrument washer for dental infection control. the entire cassette and the instruments in it can be rinsed and placed to the side to dry. There is no need to add an extra step to dental sterilization by spreading the instruments out on a towel.

Preparation and packaging

Once the instruments and cassette are dry, it can then be wrapped or pouched. There is no need to separate the instruments and package them into multiple pouches.

Storage

As with the other steps in the process, the instruments remain with the cassette, all stored in one place. Therefore, there is no need to store the disinfected trays and separate drawers of instrument packs. Everything is ready to take from one place when the dental team is ready to use it.

Parts of the extracting forceps

Beak of Extracting forceps

  • The beaks of extraction or extracting forceps are designed to fit around the curve of the tooth’s crown
  • Universal forceps have a great beak that can be used in any quadrant of the mouth
  • Forceps designed for multi-rooted teeth have a great beaks with a point that is adapted to grip the tooth fur cation
  • Forceps designed for single-rooted teeth usually have smooth beaks

Hinge of Extracting forceps

  • Extraction forceps have hinges (can be screw or pin type) allowing the beak and handle to be opened and grasped
  • Care must be taken with a hinges to prevent damage during sterilization

Handle of Extracting forceps

  • A serrated handle allows the operator to have a more better grip
  • A curve on the end of the handle may be  present for the little finger, to provide more stability and leverage
  • Handles of maxillary forceps are often curved upwards, with the beak in line with the handle
  • Mandibular forceps tend to have a straight handle with the beak at a 90° angle to the handle

    Name of Extracting forceps

    Maxillary right permanent molar extraction forceps

    Family

    Extraction forceps

    Function

    Used for extraction of maxillary right permanent molar teeth

    Identifying features

    To determine whether left or right forceps:

    • Hold forceps in hand loosely
    • The point of the beak should grip the fur cation on the buccaneer side
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